Career Task 4

Page 8: Top 10 Tips

My top 10 tips to get a foothold in the media industry:


. Find a skill which you want to specialise in. Find something you’re good at but also enjoy.

. Enter as many competitions as you can as often as possible. One of the best chances to expose yourself and you have nothing to loose!

. Look for employment both locally and nationally, you may come across the perfect job for you!

. No job is too small or unimportant, you have to start from somewhere. No matter how mundane a task is asked of you, do it anyway because hard work is recognised and it could lead to better tasks and even promotions.

. Dedication and hard work is key! If you’re freelance, you’ve got to work your best to get the best out of it. If you’re an employee they want to see your loyalty, dedication and skill which could all lead to bigger and better working opportunities.

.If you’re self-employed, make sure you’re strict on yourself.

.Network! Get your name out there, get your work seen. Whether it be through social media, the internet or word of mouth.

. Take criticism constructively. Any criticism you receive will only help you improve yourself and your skills.

. Practice, practice, practice. Even if you’re out of work, still take an active role in practicing your skill

. Keep in the loop-

subscribe or buy trade journals so you’re always in the know of the ever advancing world that is media and you can stay on top of your game. 

A practical guide to finding employment in the moving image industry: Into & Contents Page

Processed with Rookie  My name is Vicky Grant and I have created a practical guide to finding employment in the moving image industry. I am currently on a higher national diploma course, and found it would be useful to me and others who are in education or just finishing to get to know the trade, the industry and how to get a foot-in.

It can be hard to get into the moving image business and this guide is to give you an insight into the main roles within the industry and what responsibilities those roles contain, competitions and annual events, different places for employment and training and a few more bits and pieces. I finish this guide with my top 10 tips into getting your foot into the door!

I hope you enjoy this guide and find it useful!

Page 1: Roles in TV Film Industry

Page 2: Industry Trade Journals

Page 3: TV and Film events

Page 4: Business Models

Page 5: Professional Links

Page 6: Top 10 national employers

Page 7: Training opportunities

Page 8: Top 10 tips.


Page 7: Training Opportunitites


Just a few options whether you’re just starting higher education and have an interest in  the world of media or whether you’re a post graduate looking for more training.

Vocational Courses

If you are 16 and leaving school and you like media and want to pursue a career in it then higher education could be for you. One of the places you could train and get qualifications is Brooksby Melton College.

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Fees for Lincoln

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In-house training.

Unity House
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Page 6: Top 10 Global & National Employees


Top 10 National Employees



the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcasting statutory corporation. Its main responsibility is to provide impartial public service broadcasting in the United Kingdom, the Channel Islands, and the Isle of Man. The BBC is headquartered at Broadcasting House in London and has major production centres in Salford, Quays, Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Glasgow, and smaller production centres throughout the UK. The BBC is the world’s oldest national broadcasting organisation and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees, with about 23,000




is a commercial/public serviceTV network in the United Kingdom. Launched in 1955 as Independent Television under the auspices of the Independent Television Authority (ITA, then after the Sound Broadcasting Act 1972,Independent Broadcasting Authority, now Ofcom) to provide competition to the BBC, it is also the oldest commercial network in the UK. Since the passing of the Broadcasting Act 1990 its legal name has been Channel 3, to distinguish it from the other analogue channels at the time, namely BBC 1, BBC 2 and Channel 4. In part, the number 3 was assigned as television sets would usually be tuned so that the regional ITV station would be on the third button, with the other stations being allocated to the number within their name.,



formerly marketed as Sky Digital is the brand name for BSkyB‘s digital satellite television and radio service


4.Channel 4

is a British public-service television broadcaster which began transmission on 2 November 1982. Although largely commercially self-funded, it is ultimately publicly owned; originally a subsidiary of the Independent Broadcasting Authority (IBA), the station is now owned and operated by Channel Four Television Corporation, a public body established in 1990, coming into operation in 1993.


5.Maverick Television

is a television and multiplatform production company with offices in Birmingham, England and London, England.


6.Shine TV

makes popular factual television that entertains, surprises and challenges with humour and warmth, that can get broadcasted on BBC One.


7. Optomen

is an independent television production company known for

the flair, originality and attention to detail we bring to our productions.


8. Talkback Thames

is the UK production arm of FremantleMedia, the global production and content business of the RTL Group, Europe’s largest elevision and radio company.


9. Endemol


Endemol UK International. Includes non scripted tv, scripted tv, digital entertainment, worldwide distribution, branded entertainment, sport, News, Careers and much more


10.Warner Bros


Internship runs throughout 3rd year of University course, so even though it is not based in England the internships are still accessible to english students.


Top 10 Global Employees

1. BBC

Apply on their site: Work experience isn’t necessarily the best prospect, but by starting small you can work your way through their ranks and get spotted.
Make sure you follow all their guidelines, make your CV as good as possible.
Be patient, but also be persistent. If you don’t get the job, change a few things on the application and try again.

2. Sky

They have 3 paths to apply for

No matter what level of skill, you have a good chance
The Work Experience are shorter than some of the others, with a more permanent place available if you do well.
Sky is another of the biggest businesses, so getting any work experience there would look amazing for you to be able to shout about.

3. Disney
Long term placements

. Start as internship, which can evolve into better job opportunities in more areas of Disney if you do well.

4. DreamWorks

Available to current students, and recently graduated students
Easy to apply for, with lots of different jobs all over the world.

5. MGM

One of the largest companies in Hollywood
Now make mainly for TV rather than for cinemas

6. Lionsgate

Advertised as the biggest company which isn’t based in LA
Has placements in the UK

7. ViaCom

Owns MTV Films and Nickelodeon Movies
It’s the conglomerate behind Paramount Motion Pictures

8. Warner Bros


Internship runs throughout 3rd year of University course

9. ComCast

Different areas to work in
Aim to use technology in new and/or interesting ways

10. Sony

Creates both A class and B class movies
Are part of the Columbia Pictures


Page 5: Professional Links



A few useful links, I hope they help!



Local Hire Companies/Websites


Commission Guidelines


Legal Advice




Page 4: Business Models

If you are starting out in the industry and want to know the best course to to take business wise, here are a few example of business models you may wish to take into consideration.


Sole trader

A sole proprietorship, also known as the sole trader or simply a proprietorship, is a type of business entity that is owned and run by one individual and in which there is no legal distinction between the owner and the business.


. You can control all aspects of your business

. You retain all the profits

. You can be regarded as a specialist, offering a more personal service with roots to your locality

. You don’t have to confirm with others, you make the decisions which can provide quick service for customers/clients


. You are subject to unlimited liability, if you get into debt, you are liable. YOu may risk any assets you have in savings etc if you get into trouble

. It is hard to raise finance to fund your business

. You may not have funds to purchase things in bulk that could benefit your business, as a result you may have to charge more for your services and risk loosing clients

. You have to make evry decision yourself, anything that happens is down to you.


Self-employment is where an individual will work for themselves, instead of working for an employer that pays a salary or a wage. A self-employed individual earns their income through profitable operations from a trade or business that they operate directly. For example, you will advertise yourself to be employed temporary by a company or a person that needs work doing or you will endeavour in a self-ran project in which you can profit.


. You can set your own schedule

. You can set your own wage

. You can fit it around other commitments

. You can pick the work you want to participate in, instead of having to do something you don’t enjoy or find mundane.


. You may not always find work

. Work could be temporary

. You do not have a regular salary, wage.

. You have to work out your own TAX and NIC rates, which can be time consuming.

Being an employee means you are employed to a job at an agreed wage/salary.


. A secure salary/wage with a chance of promotion

. You may be entitled to employee discounts and bonuses

. Paid holiday and sick leave

. Access to employee benefits for example a pension scheme

. Social interaction with fellow employees


. There could be a daily commute involved

. There is no leeway with when you can and can’t work

. Monotony of a set schedule

. Only having a set amount of holiday you can take

. You may have to sacrifice other commitment

. Little freedom to make your own choices
Private Liability Companies (LTD)

This is a type of company that offers limited liability or legal protection for its shareholders but it places restrictions on its ownership, such as, shareholders cannot sell or transfer their shares without offering it to other shareholders, shareholders cannot sell their shares on the stock exchange to the public and only a fixed number of people can be considered to be shareholders. There are two types of partnership, general partnership which involves two or more partners managing day-to-day operations and share responsibility for its debt and liabilities. Limited partners are usually investors who do not have the same day-to-day responsibilities as the general partners.



. You get a share of the profits and losses without having to participate in the business itself unless you are a general partner.

. A limited partners liability os only down to the amount they invest into the company.

. If you are a limited partner you do not have the same responsibilities or daily stresses as the general partners, you need not be consulted about every decision the company makes for the business.

. A limited partner can leave without affecting the business.



. If you are a general partner you carry all the responsibility surrounding the business’s obligations and debts, if you go into debt, you are liable.

. If you are a general partner you are liable for any decisions made as you have control over what happens.

. If you are a general partner you have to organise general meetings and keep all partners up to date like holding annual meetings and drawing up partnership agreements.

. If the business dissolves you no longer have an income.

Page 3: TV & Film Events

Here is a calendar listing of a few of the main TV & Film events going on throughout the year, including a lot of competitions. All good options in progressing your skills as a filmmaker and getting some exposure in the industry!





  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Sundance
  • Slamdance





Sundance’s Mission Statement is – ‘ Sundance Institute is a nonprofit organization dedicated to the discovery and development of independent artists and audiences. Through its programs, the Institute seeks to discover, support, and inspire independent film and theatre artists from the United States and around the world, and to introduce audiences to their new work.’ This is great for promoting a film you want to be seen, and if it is showed through Sundance’s ‘Film forward’ or at the festival, chances are your work will be seen by top players in the industry who could potentially want you as a future employee.Great way to promote yourself as a filmmaker.


Slamdance website states that ‘It all began when a group of cheerful, subversive filmmakers weren’t accepted into the Sundance Film Festival. Unwilling to take “no” for an answer, they instead started their own event – Slamdance: Anarchy in Utah. 20 years later, Slamdance has become a year-round organization fostering the development of unique and innovative filmmakers. The organization now consists of the Film Festival, Screenplay Competition and Slamdance Studios.‘ So it is a newer, more ‘indie’ version of Sundance festival with the opportunity to get your work recognised and to promote yourself as a filmmaker, with many potential employers looking at the product on the website.




  • MoFilm 
  • GeneroTV
  • European Film Market
  • Berlinale Talents
  • True/False Film Festival


GeneroTV works in conjunction with musicians who want videos making for their songs. Some of the musicians that use the website are world-wide stars such as Ellie Goulding, Bombay Bicycle Club, Aloe Black and more. If you win your video is used by the musician which would give you massive coverage, a cash prize and the potential to make more videos for your selected artist, as they have been known to use the same filmmaker for future music videos.


According to the website, ‘Berlinale Talents is an annual international get-together of a selected group of 300 promising filmmakers, to which directors, screenwriters, producers, cinematographers, editors, actors, distributors, production designers, sound designers/composers and film critics from all over the world are invited. Berlinale Talents is an initiative of the Berlin International Film Festival. It greatly benefits from the proximity to the main festival center and the European Film Market (EFM).’ This is a hard place to get into but a good opportunity for post-graduate filmmakers that are good at their trade. They get invited to meet and work with ‘first-class experts’ as part of a programme that runs master classes and panel discussions, and additional they run project labs in which ‘producers, writers/directors can further develop and present their project’. –


This is a rare but excellent oppurtunity for young filmmakers/writers/directors to further their knowledge and attain help to get their projects of the ground.





  • Mofilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Tampere
  • Cinema Du Réel



A short history of Tampere film festival obtained from


Tampere Film Festival was founded in Tampere short film anniversaries, which was held in February and March in 1969. Initiative made a Tampere-based film culture spokesperson of Ilkka Kalliomäki. Short Film Days was a success and encouraged them to continue their activities. The very next year, with the Ministry of Education, the Finnish Film Foundation with the support of the City of Tampere and Tampere, the first International Short Film Festival. Tampere Film Festival is the Nordic region’s oldest short film festival. Its main task is since the 1970s, been the international and domestic short film competition, as well as the organization of work in the film industry, professional and amateur international meeting place. Since its creation, the festival has been an internationally recognized event, and it has established itself in Finland.


What I deem to be quite a prestigious festival with it being one of the oldest, and they are accepting of any newcomers. If your film makes it on here it will be subject to a huge audience, giving you good publication and even the chance to be scouted by an employer.


According to, One world Human Right Documentary Film Festival is


‘ …the largest human rights film festival in the world, screens over 100 documentary films annually and attracts an audience of over 100,000. There are two competition categories (Main Competition for the Best Film and Best Director awards, and the Right to Know Competition) and a number of topical thematic categories. In addition to Prague, One World program travels to over 40 towns in the Czech Republic… the documentary films shown at One World cover a broad range of human rights, foreign policy and social issues. The festival is a testament to how effective a tool documentary films can be, when they are used strategically for raising awareness, educational purposes, human rights advocacy, stimulating debate, and promoting social integration. Some other essential parts of One World are director Q&As, panel debates with experts, screenings for primary and secondary school students, and cooperation with universities and colleges, the new media category called One World Social Innovation, and industry section East Doc Platform for film professionals (organised by Institute of Documentary Film).’


This festival is an opportunity to contribute towards many issues we face worldwide, and is in aid of these issues. If you want to contribute to a worthy cause, this is the one! If your documentary is recognised and showed by oneworld, it will attract a vast audience and people may even pay to get your documentary broadcast. If you’re passionate about human rights, politics or social issues this is the one for you!






  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Ann Arbour
  • MipTV – Held in Cannes, videos aimed specifically for TV companies to get hold of.
  • San Fransico – Americas oldest film festival



Ann Arbours film festival is :

‘… the longest-running independent and experimental film festival in North America, established in 1963. Internationally recognized as a premiere forum for independent filmmakers and artists, each year’s festival engages audiences with remarkable cinematic experiences. The six-day festival presents 40 programs with more than 180 films from over 20 countries of all lengths and genres, including experimental, animation, documentary, fiction, and performance-based works.


There has been a lot of influential filmmakers that have exhibited their early work at this festival such as Kenneth Anger, Andy Warhol, Barbara Hammer, George Lucas, Matthew Buckingham, and James Benning. There are many different categories you can enter so there’s something for any budding filmmaker, and a cash prize!



MIPTV mission statement is:


MIPTV is the world’s most-established TV and digital content market and the biggest gathering of entertainment industry professionals each April. Top television execs and creative talent from 100 countries converge in Cannes to forge early-stage content development partnerships and seal international distribution deals for the year ahead‘. Probably one of the best ways to get involved in the tv industry.




  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Hot Docs
  • Cannes Film Festival


Hot Docs –


Hot Docs Canadian International Documentary Festival is North America’s largest documentary festival, conference and market. Each year, the Festival presents a selection of more than 180 cutting-edge documentaries from Canada and around the globe. Through its industry programs, Hot Docs also provides a full range of professional development, market and networking opportunities for documentary professionals.‘ For a budding filmmaker with a keen interest in documentaries, this one speaks for itself.


Cannes film festival is one of the largest most popular film festivals to date, with many spin-off festivals branching from the original. Based in Cannes, France, their mission is to:


draw attention to and raise the profile of films with the aim of contributing towards the development of cinema, boosting the film industry worldwide and celebrating cinema at an international level. ‘ –


They strive to discover new talent and have a ‘cannes short film’ competition, to promote shortfilm production worldwide, in addition to ‘stimulate the creativity of short film artists’. Being a part of this festival would give you worldwide coverage and strong support of your talent. There’s so many parts that make this festival, and if you’re willing to go for the big leagues, this is for you!






  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Sydney Film Festival
  • Annecy International Animated Film Festival
  • Edinburgh International Film Festival
  • London UK Film Focus


Annecy International Animated film Festival is a festival that celebrates animation, where past and new work is exhibited, you can establish new associates and partners, there are masterclasses that are held and much more.The competition consists of feature films, short films, graduation films and even commissioned films (animated of course).These can be films that have already been commissioned for broadcast, or from new up-coming talent. In addition to this there are also ‘out of competition’ feature films and short films that are showed on one of Annecys’ many cinema’s, that run from 10am to 11pm for the duration of the festival. If you’re a budding animator then this is the place to get your work shown, with around 7,1000 accredited professionals turning up to last years festival, and 290 international buyers, distributors and investors AND 340 journalists! It could mean the start of your career!




  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Comic-Con
  • Punchon International Fantastic Film Festival
  • T-Mobile New Horizon International Film Festival


About T-Mobile New Horizon International film Festival:


The T-Mobile New Horizons IFF is committed to expanding its international presence and building long-term relationships with the world film industry professionals. Festival brings excellent opportunities to meet, discuss and exchange ideas, find co-producers and discover new talent. More than 600 film professionals visit our festival every year.


The festival is open to feature films, documentaries, animations, experimental films, short films and innovative visual productions. If you have any of this work you want to submit this festival offers a chance for your work to be seen by some of the industry’s professionals which could stand you in good stead for a future career.




  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Melbourne International Film Festival
  • DocuWeek
  • World Film Festival



M.I.F.F (Melbourne International Film Festival) is one of the world’s oldest film festival and Australia’s most important screen events. MIFF offer a premiere fund for supporting new Australian quality feature-length projects that are then exhibited at the International premiere at MIFF. In addition to this they also run a director’s development programme called ‘Accelerator’.



  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Enter a Script
  • Toronto International Film Festival
  • Fantastic Fest Austin
  • Indépendant Film Week


Enter A Script is a DC shorts screenplay competition, looking for short scripts less than 15 pages long to be entered with the chance of winning $1,000 for the winning script and $1,000 on the completion of the finished film, which is then automatically entered into the following DC shorts premiere.



  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • New york Film Festival
  • Tri Continents Film Festival
  • MIPcom
  • London Film Festival



Obtained from ‘‘ :


‘The London Film Festival, officially called the BFI London Film Festival is organised annually by the British Film Institute (BFI) since 1953. It is the UK’s largest public Festival of its kind and is visited by thousands of film enthusiasts who have the ability to see over 300 films, documentaries and shorts from all over the world.‘ Four types of awards given are Best Film Award, Best British Newcomer Award, The Sutherland Trophy and The Grierson Award. It is a relatively new festival but for British newcomers this would be a good place to submit work, as you work may be more likely to be recognised as there are less competitors due to less coverage, however you could still be scouted by British filmmaking professionals.








  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Rome Film Festival
  • Stockholm International


Stockholm International Film Festival is recognised for its ‘…ability to promote and offer a venue for young and unestablished filmmakers..’ which is a perfect opportunity to be a part of if you’re a post-graduate student looking to get your work seen. Only directors who have made less than 3 films are selected for the competition. There are also chances to meet actors and filmmakers (and make connections) in addition to seminars.




  • MoFilm
  • GeneroTV
  • Dubai Film Festival
  • London United Film Festival





Mofilm’s tagline is ‘Inspiring filmmakers and musicians to create content for big brands and social causes’. They work in conjunction with big-brand companies such as Coca-Cola, Playstation, HTC that want promotional videos/adverts made for them. It is free to sign up, anyone can join, there are always live briefs that offer approximately 6 weeks to submit your final product, AND it’s always a cash prize usually with a trip of sorts. It is internet based so it is easy to access, and runs 12 months of the year so there’s always a project you can work on. Very good project to endeavour, and if you are successful, your video is used by these big companies, giving you good publication and something to add to your portfolio/showreel.


Page 2: Industry Trade Journals

Here are a few examples of trade journals you should keep an eye on to keep up to date with the ever changing world that is film and television.




This is an online publication aimed at people who are working, or want to work in broadcast, commissioning and production. It is useful for:


. Keeping you up to date with the broadcast industry & events, such as upcoming shows in production, deals made between producers/broadcasters and new technology.

. Advertises Jobs within the TV industry.

. Gives you ratings on TV shows to keep you informed on whats popular.

. Discussions on topics and the chance to join forums for larger discussions.

. Behind the scene interviews, analysis and reports to give you an insight to working on productions.




One of the leading online magazine for the commercial media industry. Its topics include:


. Updates you on breaking news about the developments taking place across TV, radio, newspapers, magazines, outdoor, digital and agencies.

. Advertises Jobs within the media sector.

. Keeps you up to date with ratings/circulation figures.

. Interviews with industry players.





WIRED is a published magazine and has an online website. Although it’s not specifically aimed at people in the media sector, it is still a useful read, because:

. Gives the first word on developments in business, culture, innovation and science, all categories that could involve changes in the media industry.

.Gives you an insight in developing technology so you can stay on the ball.

. Introduces you to upcoming talents whether it be directors, producers, animators, graphic designers, etc for you to broaden your knowledge.

. Interviews with industry professionals.






Twice yearly journal produced from The Guild Of Television Cameramen, originated in 1973. Zerb is useful for:


. Practical workers who are interested in the production side of the industry, reliable information as it is written and largely edited by cameramen.

. ‘Mix of technical information and human stories related to the craft of camerawork.’

. Publicizes changes and trends in TV technology and techniques.

. Tips on camerawork, and what equipment to use.

. An insight into the process of filming, especially in TV.

Page 1: Roles Available In The TVFilm Industry 01.10.10

Art and design:

.Art director .Assistant art director

Art director- Usually work on feature films, commercials and some television productions. They help the Productions designer produce sets and locations. ‘In large departments on television productions’ they are also in charge of the art department’s budget and schedule of work. Also helps and works with production designer. Try to maximise money for the department. They are hired by production designer and are responsible for Assistant Art Director, the Draughtsmen*, the Art Department Assistant(s), Graphic Designers, Storyboard Artists, Model-makers and all Construction personnel. But on tv (like dramas) there may only be Production Designer, Art Director, and Production Buyer. On small tv productions the roles of Production designer and art director are combined. They usually work on freelance basis. How they work – on big budget films or tv, may start 4-5 months before actual shooting. On low budget 4 weeks can be enough. When they know the final scheduele of scenes,etc they oversee the first sets reqired being ready. They read the script and get props or special items needed. ‘Simultaneously, plans of sets and locations are drawn up by one or more draughtsmen* for the use of the Construction Managers and their teams. Throughout this extremely busy, pressured time for every member of the Art Department, Art Directors must also tightly monitor and control the budget.’ On big productions they have to have regular meetings with accountants, always have to be careful with the budget and make sure they have cost effective solutions. In pre-production they also work with any departments about any effects that’s are needed. Also involved with any vehicles, animals needed. Near shooting they work with Location manager about when sets can be put up. Oversee construction of sets and clearing up, sometimes even oversee while the shooting is going on. Have to consider health and safety all the time eg shooting in an unused building. How they get there – ‘Art Directors must learn their skills on the job, which involves starting out as an Art Department Assistant and progressing through the grades, e.g. to Junior Draughtsman, then to Draughtsman or Assistant Art Director.’ Key Skills include: free-hand drawing, perspective and technical drawing skills; a good eye for decoration and detail; a good sense of time and place; ability to conceptualise ideas; ability to think visually; methodical approach to work; ability to lead a team; ability to see the broader picture and to co-ordinate effectively; diplomacy and sensitivity when working with artists and crew; willingness to work long and irregular hours; knowledge of the requirements of the relevant Health and Safety legislation and procedures, particularly in relation to working with potentially hazardous working conditions or materials. Assistant art director: ‘They help to translate ideas into practical realities – initial sketches become worked-up drawings from which a variety of craftsmen* build sets or adapt locations.’ Usually chosen by art director or supervising arts director. There job can very on the size of production. On small sets they help the art director with things like research, making props, surveying locations, producing sets. On big productions they take responsibility of smaller sets, props and keeping the sets clean. They sketch up ideas from the production designer. After showing the production designer they refine the drawings and may turn them into 3d models. On locations they asses the area and do a ‘site survey’. When the set is being constructed, they supervise and work on each set until the first few weeks of shooting, and then their job usually ends. But sometimes if they are more experienced they will monitor the shooting of the set and will make adjustments if it is asked of them from the director or director oh photography. How they get there- ‘Most Assistant Art Directors start their careers as Art Department Assistants. After gaining experience on a small number of films or television productions, they are usually given the opportunity to join the drawing studio as a Draughtsman*. After gaining more on-the-job experience, if they impress the Art Director or Production Designer, they may be offered work as an Assistant Art Director or Standby Art Director on lower budget films or television programmes, eventually progressing to the same role on bigger productions. Most Assistant Art Directors aim to become Art Directors, Supervising Art Directors, and eventually Production Designers. Stage managers and Floor managers move into Art Department work, as do Model Makers, and some artists. Non-media draughtsmen* may also cross over.’

Key Skills include: a good eye for decoration and detail; ability to conceptualise ideas; excellent free-hand drawing, perspective, and technical drawing skills; good prop making skills and an understanding of the prop hire market; good knowledge of Design History to select props of the correct vintage; the ability to outsource props; good communication skills; initiative and the ability to work alone and/or as part of a team; ability to troubleshoot and respond to unexpected situations; a calm approach to stressful situations; diplomacy and sensitivity when working with artists and crew; willingness to work long and irregular hours; knowledge of the requirements of the relevant Health and Safety legislation and procedures.

Camera: . Camera Department Overview

TV . Script Supervisor . Camera Operator (Studio/Outside Broadcast)

TV . Camera Assistant (Studio/Outside Broadcast)

TV . Camera Operator (Portable Single Camera)

TV . Camera Assistant (Portable Single Camera)

TV . Lighting Camera (Portable Single Camera)

– TV Camera Department overview: ‘The responsibilities of people in this department depend largely on the genre of the production. On a high-budget drama or a commercial, the most senior person is the Director of Photography (who uses advanced creative and craft skills to design the look of each shot), while the Camera Operator works the camera, usually supported by one or two Camera Assistants. The most junior role is Camera Trainee/Runner which is also the conventional entry level position in this department. On a factual production and in news reporting, the Director of Photography is known as the Lighting Camera person and operates the camera him or herself, sometimes with the support of a Camera Assistant but often alone. On some low-budget productions, a DV Director directs the filming and operates the camera at the same time.’ There are also specialised camera roles on some productions such as Steadicam Operator (who operates a specific type of camera designed to film moving sequences) or Underwater Camera person. Sports and studio-based programmes are filmed by several cameras at the same time. Multi-camera Operators are given precise instructions over a headset so their role is less creative than people working in single-camera departments in other TV genres.’ Script supervisor How they get there- ‘Script Supervisors may begin their careers as Assistant Production Co–ordinators, or as Production Assistants in television, acquiring valuable on set work experience. After working as Assistants to experienced Script Supervisors for a minimum of 30 weeks, they may progress to Script Supervision on 2nd camera shoots, and 2nd unit work, eventually becoming recognised Script Supervisors. Script Supervisors may also move into other areas of production, including Producing, Writing, Directing, Editing, Script Editing.’

Camera Operator (Studio/Outside Broadcast)

TV How they get there- Although specialist technical production courses and some training schemes offer a good basic grounding in the skills and knowledge required for this role, intensive industry experience is the key. Most Camera Operators begin their careers as Camera Trainees, and work their way up through the ranks of the camera department over several years.

Camera Assistant (Studio/Outside Broadcast)

TV How they get there- Although specialist technical production courses and some training schemes offer good basic preparation for any role in the Camera department, industry experience is vital. Working as a Camera Trainee on a Studio/OB productions provides an ideal opportunity to observe how more senior Camera Assistants work, and to learn the necessary practical skills to eventually progress to becoming a Studio/OB Camera Operator.

Camera Operator (Portable Single Camera)

TV How they get there- Although film schools and training courses offer a good basic grounding in the skills and knowledge required for this role, intensive industry experience is the key. Most Camera Operators begin their careers as Camera Trainees or Runners, and work their way up through the ranks of the camera department over several years. Most experienced Operators, especially those working in drama and commercials, aim to progress to being a DP or Lighting Camera person within a few years

Camera Assistant (Portable Single Camera)

TV How they get there- Film schools and some training courses offer good basic preparation for any role in the Camera department, but industry experience is vital. Camera Trainee or Camera Runner jobs are the most common entry-level roles in the Camera department. On a television drama or a commercial, the progression is to Second Camera Assistant (also known as Clapper Loader on film) and finally to First Camera Assistant (Focus Puller). On documentaries and factual productions, only one Camera Assistant is usually employed, although increasingly Lighting Camera operators work without Assistants. Working as a Runner in a film or video tape equipment hire company, a camera manufacturing company, or a film-processing laboratory, is a good entry-level position.

Camera Operator (Portable Single Camera)

– TV How they get there- Although film schools and training courses offer a good basic grounding in the skills and knowledge required for this role, intensive industry experience is the key. Most Camera Operators begin their careers as Camera Trainees or Runners, and work their way up through the ranks of the camera department over several years. Most experienced Operators, especially those working in drama and commercials, aim to progress to being a DP or Lighting Camera person within a few years.

Camera Assistant (Portable Single Camera)

– TV How they get there- Film schools and some training courses offer good basic preparation for any role in the Camera department, but industry experience is vital. Camera Trainee or Camera Runner jobs are the most common entry-level roles in the Camera department. On a television drama or a commercial, the progression is to Second Camera Assistant (also known as Clapper Loader on film) and finally to First Camera Assistant (Focus Puller). On documentaries and factual productions, only one Camera Assistant is usually employed, although increasingly Lighting Camera operators work without Assistants. Working as a Runner in a film or video tape equipment hire company, a camera manufacturing company, or a film-processing laboratory, is a good entry-level position.

Lighting Camera (Portable Single Camera)

TV How they get there- Although some training courses offer good basic preparation for this role, practical hands-on industry experience is crucial. Most DPs and Lighting Camera Persons spend many years working at every level in camera departments across many types of productions before progressing to the role. The route usually involves starting out as a Camera Trainee/Runner or in some cases, working as Runner at a filming or video tape equipment rental company, a camera manufacturing company or a photographic or film laboratory.


Information below was retrieved from


Academic Department


Director Oversees the daily operations of his or her assigned programs including their duty to guide students toward completion of the program,hiring staff and teachers who can successfully observe the mission of the school; collaborating with other Academic Department Directors within the school and across schools in terms of scheduling, sharing faculty, etc.; the planning and implementation of a department budget; maintain academic quality within the university; maintain and create college and communication


Accounting Assistant

Performs clerical work in support of company accounts and utilizes financial management software to do so. This person must compile, analyze, reconcile, and verify financial and statistical data as well as perform related work as assigned by their superior.


ADR Recordist

Automated Dialogue Replacement, also known as looping or dubbing. This is the critical process in film and TV whereby dialogue is recorded in a studio for any number of reasons: to replace existing production sound that is not usable either for technical considerations (usually due to a noisy location) or editorial ones (lines of dialogue have been changed); to add a voice-over to a film (often planned from the outset, but occasionally added at the last moment to help clarify a hazy plot);


Aerial Specialist

Camera Pilots fly the aircraft that carries the aerial camera crew (aerial director of photography (DoP) and aerial camera assistant). Together they shoot the aerial sequences that form part of the finished feature film. Camera Pilots are also responsible for flying any aircraft, including helicopters, planes, hot air balloons, etc., that appear as action props in finished films. This may involve performing difficult stunts requiring a high degree of expertise and experience.


Agency Assistant

Works under the company CEO as an assistant to the firm. Will be required to manage day-to-day activities in the office, as well as mailings, maintain and build client relations, media public relations, and any other duties assigned by their superiors.



Anchor/Presenters work at the front line of television and radio. They introduce and host programs, read the news, interview people and report on issues and events. As the number of channels and radio stations increases, so do the openings, but opportunities to become a Presenter are still scarce and competition is fierce. Presenters work across the whole spectrum of broadcasting — national and regional television and radio, satellite and cable channels



Animation is the art of making images that appear to come to life on screen. It features in all kinds of media, from feature films to commercials, pop videos, computer games and websites. Animators use a range of techniques to make images appear to move, and most specialize in one of the following: * 2D drawn animation * 2D computer animation * stop frame or stop motion animation * 3D computer generated (CG) animation 2D drawn animation consists of a series of images.


Animator (with Live Action)

A live action/animated film is a motion picture that features a combination of real actors or elements: live action and animated elements, typically interacting. Originally, animation was combined with live action in several ways, sometimes as simply as double printing two negatives onto the same release print. More sophisticated techniques used optical printers or aerial image animation cameras, which enabled more exact positioning, and better interaction of actors and animated characters.

Concept Artist

2d/Concept Artist is a graphic artist position that works closely with other members of a design team, including the Art Director and the Storywriters. Their drawings form the basis for a film or game’s overall design. The concept artist has to produce images in a timely manner as to make short deadlines. The artist will work alongside other team members where they will create quick sketch ideas reflecting the concepts that are discussed. There will not be a lot of time spent filling in detail.
Director, Feature Film

The Director is the driving creative force in a film’s production, and acts as the crucial link between the production, technical and creative teams. Directors are responsible for creatively translating the film’s written script into actual images and sounds on the screen – he or she must visualize and define the style and structure of the film, then act as both a storyteller and team leader to bring this vision to reality. Directors’ main duties include casting, script editing ect.


Lighting Technical Director

A Lighting Director designs the lighting for multi camera television productions. He or she instructs the electricians’ crew in their work in addition to guiding the team of operators who usually sit with the LD in the lighting gallery. All this while working closely with the director and the rest of the production team to deliver the pictures they are hoping to see.


Music Editor

Music Editors help directors to achieve their musical ambitions on films, and provide a crucial link between the film and the composer. They structure the soundtrack, ensuring that all the components work together. For film music to work successfully it must be beautifully written, well performed and appropriate to the story and setting. In addition, it must be very carefully placed within the film, in order to complement the action, rather than detract from it. Music Editors’ responsibilities


Post Producer

A Post Producer is the integral person for film and tv that does the actual editing, dubbing, and other post production duties when the shooting and taping are complete.



A Producer sets the situation for the production of a television show or movie. A film Producer initiates, coordinates, supervises and controls all aspects of a production, from fundraising and hiring key personnel, to arranging for distributors. The Producer sees the project through to the end, from development to completion. Traditionally, the film Producer is considered the chief of staff while the director is in charge of the line. This “staff and line” organization mirrors that of movies


Rotoscope Artist

A Rotoscope Artist create mattes or traced outlines so objects in live action can be integrated into layers for films, TV shows, and video games. Before computes, Rotoscoping was done by manually tracing each frame by hand. Now, computers and software is used to make the process easier and more precise.




Production Runners assist wherever they are needed on productions and their duties vary depending on where they are assigned. They may be involved in anything from office administration or crowd control to public relations and cleaning up locations. Runners are usually employed on a freelance basis, are not very well paid, and their hours are long and irregular. The work is usually extremely varied and the Runner role offers an opportunity to learn about every aspect of the industry.


Sound Recordist

A member of the sound crew responsible for operating the audio recording equipment on a set.


Special Effects and editor

Special Effects is an artificial effect used to create an illusion in a movie. It refers to effects produced on the set, as opposed to those created in post production. Most movie illusions are created in post production. These are called visual effects. Special Effects Supervisor is the chief of a production’s special effects crew.



 Storyboard Artist

Storyboard Artists translate screenplays, or sequences from screenplays, into a series of illustrations in comic book form. These illustrations have two functions: to help directors clarify exactly what they want to achieve, and to illustrate to all other heads of department exactly what is required, e.g., prosthetics for makeup, computer generated Images (CGI) for visual effects, props for the art department, etc. In many ways comic books are the art form that most closely resembles cinema.


Technical Director

The Technical Director (TD) or technical producer (TP) is usually the most senior technical person within a theatrical company or television studio. This person usually possesses the highest level of competence in a specific technical field and may be recognized as an expert in that industry. The Technical Director provides technical direction on business decisions and in the execution of specific projects. He or she may be assigned to a single project, or others


VFX Coordinator

Works with the VFX Producer and is responsible for the artists working on a specific sequence. Takes daily notes, distributes information to team members, and updates the wall board and schedules. Also responsible for coordinating FTP and shipping.





VFX Supervisor

In charge of the overall appearance and application of the various shots. He or she will almost always be on set to make sure that things are shot in the proper way. They will be the one consulting with the client about what is needed.

Video Editor

Video Editors prepare the final version of the product. At the post production stage they take raw footage, choose the best shots and put them in order, and add sound, graphics and special effects. Skilled Editors can have a big influence in the quality of the finished piece. As a Video Editor, you would normally use digital technology and computer software to edit sound and pictures. You could work on projects including feature films, TV programs, corporate videos and commercials.


Visual Effects

Visual Effects are alterations to a film’s images during post production. Visual Effects Supervisor is the chief of a production’s visual effects crew.
Voiceover Artist

The Voiceover Artist is the unseen person who does the speaking necessary to create a voiceover.


 A Webcaster will develop and implement necessary means to integrate your company with streaming media. Much like television or radio, webcasting allows you to broadcast over the internet.

Writers are involved in the creation and/or development of all types of creative writing for film and TV. Creative writing covers a number of wide and varied forms including screen and radio (such as comedy/soap opera scripts, drama productions or documentaries). Writers may also help to create the content for video games and cartoons.

Writer’s Assistant

A Writer’s Assistant assists the head writer or writers with essential office duties, read and type scripts, as well as print and add revisions to scripts. This job requires a distinct ability to multitask and support the needs of the writer or writers with show producers, show and studio executives, managers, agents, and actors.



Below is a flowchart I made of many possible job roles in the Tv & Film industry, and how the departments and job roles are connected and how you could progress.